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American Indian reserves

Ghettos that are still alive in the USA

Columbus reached the Americas in 1492. The conquest took place over several centuries and with the help of many Indian tribes. He was exposed to other powerful tribes. It is an indisputable fact that the Spaniards did not exterminate the Indians, but mixed with them, indicating hybridity. You don't even need to go to Spanish America to check it out, just take the metro in Madrid or walk around the street. The US cannot say the same. "For American Indians, western exploration is the beginning of a wave of destruction that includes violence against indigenous communities, displacement and theft of tribal lands, and the introduction and spread of diseases, among many other things." This news, which, according to the Indians' own statements, was carried out on US reserves, shows that the atrocities he mentioned were committed especially by the British, When you enter an Indian territory in the USA, which destroyed the North American tribes and then locked them in ghettos, the impression is that you are changing countries, and instead of being in a rich Western country, you find yourself in a miserable village. 21. in the middle of the century, the USA was 19. it keeps the natives who survived the Indian extermination carried out by Anglo Americans in the century locked up.

The Native American civilization is currently living in confinement in vast stretches of desert. The reserves have a self-government elected by a boss and set their own laws. They don't pay taxes, most houses - prefabricated – are owned by the state and they basically live off livestock and small family businesses and grants. The largest reserve is the Navajo, because 7 out of every 10 Indians in North America are Navajo.

North of Arizona, on the border with New Mexico, thousands of miles of desert have disappeared: it is the Navaja Nation, where the reserve of Hopi Indians is located. Chelly Canyon in the center of the reserve is the only place where there is water and trees. The Navajos have always lived there, until they were expelled by the American colonists in 1864 and deported to a concentration camp hundreds of kilometers away – the Long March – hundreds of kilometers. The Navajo people do not forget the thousands of dead on the way to Fort Summer in New Mexico. Four years later, in 1868, peace was signed and the Navajos were able to return to their homes.

"We're not happy, the bookings are ghetto, but this is what we have," says Johnny S. , A member of the Cherokees tribe who works as a guide in Mesa Verde National Park in the southern part of the state of Colorado. Johnny's father is the leader of the Bears clan and his mother is a member of the Cherokee army. "I didn't experience racism when I was little because there is a lot of racial mixing in the military, but when I came here I looked at the American southwest," says Johnny. "There are no negroes and Spaniards here at all, and the locals have become the target of 'anglos' racism, as Indians call white Americans.

Johnny says he's been trapping the Indians in reserves, and now he says the Anglos are trying to take this land away from the natives because precious metals have appeared. "The Anglos took the natives to a land that was unknown and very far from where they came from," he said.

The good thing about reservations is that you can start your own business to be independent of White Americans. Johnny can't hide his anger and frustration against the pain of his own kind. "There are many Anglo people who want to be a part of their native culture right now. They say he has Indian blood in his veins, and nonsense like that is only to take away the feeling of guilt."

He criticizes the use of Cherokee Americans' names for football teams and considers it an insult to them. "There is a team in Washington called the Indians - Indians - who remember that the Anglos skinned Indians during the war."

Richard, an Apache Indian truck driver living on a New Mexico reserve, says the imposition of British traditions is fundamental to ending Indian culture. "They took away our culture by ripping out our language, cutting our hair and forcing us to wear their clothes."

This Apache Indian considers the Spaniards to be "friends of the Indians". "The Spaniards brought us horses, potatoes, sheep and cows, and there was no conflict with them," he says. Although he accepts that his culture was lost under the influence of the Anglos, he deserves his country without holding a grudge.

(The report was conducted in Arizona and New Mexico Native American reserves in 1999).

Source; Column Ten

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